can folic acid have side effects?
first of all, we need to know that folic acid generally has no side effects. Now, what we need to pay attention to is not the side effects of folic acid, but the problem of taking too much folic acid. Folic acid is a water-soluble vitamin, generally more than 20 times the minimum adult demand, will not cause poisoning. All excess folic acid is excreted from the urine. However, if people take large doses of folic acid tablets may also be toxic. Now, before pregnancy, pregnant women can take 400 micrograms a day, detailed words should be based on the instructions of all kinds of folic acid tablets.
taking folic acid in large quantities for a long time can cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as anorexia, nausea, abdominal distension, and yellow urine. Oral administration of folic acid can quickly improve megaloblastic anemia, but it can not prevent the progress of spirit damage caused by vitamin deficiency. If a large dose of folic acid is still taken, it can further reduce the vitamin content in serum and make the nerve damage irreversible.
how to supplement folic acid before pregnancy
folic acid is a kind of B vitamins, which plays a key role in cell DNA synthesis. Folic acid supplementation can effectively prevent the occurrence of neonatal spina bifida, cleft lip and palate, congenital heart disease and other diseases. So, how to supplement folic acid before pregnancy?
1, supplement folic acid 400 micrograms per day
experts recommend that pregnant women supplement folic acid 400 micrograms per day. In addition to taking folic acid from food, it is also necessary to take some folic acid supplements every day. It is worth noting that the daily intake of folic acid should not exceed 1000 micrograms.
2, supplement folic acid 3 months before pregnancy
, it is recommended that supplement folic acid from 3 months before pregnancy to 3 months after pregnancy. Folic acid supplementation in advance can prevent anemia in pregnant women, but also can reduce the incidence of late pregnancy with preeclampsia. In addition, taking folic acid can reduce the baby’s probability of congenital diseases.
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3, expectant fathers also need to supplement folic acid
. Folic acid deficiency can reduce the concentration of semen, and may also cause abnormal chromosome segregation in sperm. Therefore, during pregnancy preparation, the father to be also needs to supplement folic acid to improve sperm activity, so that the mother to be can better conceive.
4. Eat more foods rich in folic acid
. Some foods are rich in folic acid, which can increase the daily intake of folic acid: wheat bran, eggs, salmon, oranges, papaya, green leafy vegetables and other vegetables, such as cabbage, potatoes, asparagus, broccoli, etc.