Carpet repair: how to repair carpet

repairing carpet is to repair the damaged part into the original complete appearance. Carpet has a long history in our country. When we produce carpet, there are already some methods to repair carpet. There are many old and antique carpets with damage.

the repair method of ancient carpets is to confirm the origin of the carpets first, because the carpets produced in each region are different in workmanship due to regional reasons, so the repair methods are also different. There are many kinds of ancient carpets, including Baotou carpet, Ningxia carpet, Tibet carpet, Xinjiang carpet, Beijing carpet, etc. In addition to the classification of weaving methods, other steps should be the same. The repair of a carpet is difficult and easy, but also depends on the weaving density and material of the carpet. General carpet weaving methods are divided into two kinds: drawing and hand over. The old carpet has more drawing and hand over, but now it is more common. Whether it’s drawing or drawing, tie it on the warp line; 8” The button does not change. It only distinguishes when crossing the weft. So when repairing the carpet, two-thirds of the work is done on the back of the carpet. Before entering the repair workshop, the carpet should be sent for cleaning. After cleaning, it can be sent to the repair workshop, so as to ensure that the color of the carpet surface is consistent after repair.

the repair steps of the holes in the ancient carpet are as follows: digging soil, cleaning the whole carpet, connecting warp, color matching line, warp and weft line, roughening, (roughening includes the repair of the pattern), scraping, smoothing, polishing, cleaning and polishing. Color matching is a headache. There are all kinds of carpets that need to be repaired. If you can match them with the same color, you need to go to the old carpet to find the old hair. Therefore, color matching is very difficult to repair the carpet. For example, due to the dead weaving method, it is not a problem for the craftsman who has many years of experience in repairing carpets. The most important thing is the color matching. As long as the color matching is successful, this carpet will be almost half successful. Before suturing, it is necessary to nail the carpet face down and back up on the gap between the two boards. The small nail is much more capillary than the carpet, and it is not directly nailed on the carpet. There is a small thin plate between the carpet and the nail. To protect the carpet from deformation, with a small board can be connected to the warp of the road repair, with the original carpet to keep consistent. The number of warp lines depends on the reciprocal of the carpet and the pattern.

the warp line is sewed to the back of the blanket with a small needle 15 cm away from the damaged hole. It is chained along the original path of the warp line. The length of the warp line is determined by the size of the hole, and the other end is sewed to the back of the blanket without damage on the lower side to make it tight. There are two warp threads in the weaving buckle of carpet, so one buckle should be connected with two warp threads, but only one warp thread can be connected at a time. Repeat this action until the hole is connected with all warp threads, and then start filling and weft threading. Weft threading and wool filling can be carried out at the same time, or weft can be passed first and then wool filling can be carried out. This matter varies from person to person. When weft is threaded twice, this time and the next time are crossed. That is to say, the first weft of the same warp is pressed on the warp, and the second weft is pressed on the warp. Then, after the wool is put on, the weft is put on. The order in which the warp is pressed by the weft or the weft is pressed by the warp is determined by the burr of the original hole. Of course, when the carpet is woven on the beam, there is a set of technology, which determines the structure of the first weft and the second weft. At the same time, the pattern is to use the old wool according to the pattern of the original carpet. Weaving a new carpet is called planting wool, and when repairing it is called & lt; Stop hair & quot;. These are just terms used in carpet technology. They have no other meaning. It’s just that the process is different, and the tufting is done on the beam. The wool blocking is the work on the shelf after the carpet leaves the machine beam or wooden beam, and it is also the work on the back of the carpet. At the same time, the pattern should be arranged. The front of the blanket is a bolt; 8” The word buckle is opposite to the front of the blanket when it is on the back of the blanket. In any case, the principle will not change. From the surface or back of the blanket, it is & quot; 8” The structure of the button is only different from that of the first one. Iron tweezers and medical white mouth tweezers should be used at the same time. It turns out that when the weft thread of a hole is inserted into the newly mended weft thread, the principle is the same as that of the warp thread. If the weft thread is pierced first, the repaired weft thread will form a net after it is pierced. After the back of the blanket is repaired, there is a series of thick treatment on the blanket surface.

after the back of the local blanket is finished, the front of the blanket is leveled, cleaned and polished. Before flattening, use the medical white mouthed tweezers to pick out the hairs at the root of the blanket one by one, straighten them out, and separate the hairs with crossed pattern color lines. Then use the flat scissors, and cut it bit by bit. Only when it is close to the original carpet surface, can it be leveled to the same height as before. The requirements for flat work are very high, which requires professional personnel to carry out. The process of repairing and washing carpets is complex. A person needs to master a variety of repair methods. A skilled artist needs to be an apprentice for at least 2-3 years before he can repair carpets independently.

after the flat work is finished, send it to the cleaning workshop, wash the carpet with boiled plant acid and alkali, choose the brush model according to the soft and hard degree of the carpet, and brush the carpet surface along the hair. After air drying, it is sent back to the repair workshop to polish the carpet surface with sand and stone with good hardness. In this way, the wool is scattered and consistent with the original carpet wool. After all, it is not the wool on the same carpet, even the wool from the same origin is different due to the length of time. Polishing is to achieve a unified effect. Many carpets need to be cleaned and polished repeatedly. At the same time, use small tweezers to smooth the hair, and then continue to grind. It’s difficult to describe the process of repairing carpets in a comprehensive way. Generally speaking, it’s mysterious for many people to understand how carpets are repaired. In fact, it’s not mysterious, it’s complicated and cumbersome. Looking at the carpet, there is no big problem. In fact, it is just a small hole or a small piece of dirt. When the artists repair it, there is a very complicated and difficult process in it.

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