Heart care diet refused to worry about disease
heart care diet refused to worry about disease
add calcium, protect blood vessels.
calcium in the diet has protective effect on blood vessels. Therefore, sufficient calcium should be added to the diet every day. Animal foods, especially milk, cheese, laver and shrimp skin, are rich in calcium. It is suggested that 250-300 ml milk should be drunk every day, with low-fat or skimmed milk as the best.
add some potassium to help drain sodium.
supplement of high potassium food is beneficial to sodium excretion and can reduce sympathetic pressor response. Banana, kelp, spinach, amaranth and other high potassium, can be appropriate to eat more. In addition, patients with hypertension can follow the doctor’s advice to use potassium salt instead of sodium salt when necessary.
tobacco to zero, cholesterol to limit.
smoking can damage arterial endothelial cells, make vasospasm, aggravate cardiovascular disease and reduce drug efficacy. It is suggested that patients with cardiovascular disease should give up smoking. At the same time, cholesterol intake should be less than 300 mg / day, hypercholesterolemia less than 200 mg / day, should eat less animal viscera and shellfish.
, add fruits and vegetables, reduce sweets.
it is recommended that patients with cardiovascular disease should eat at least 500 grams of vegetables and 200 grams of fruits every day to supplement various vitamins and dietary fiber. Sweets, cakes and sugary drinks should be eaten less. You can eat corn, wheat, oats and other complex sugars with more plant fiber. However, the intake of staple food should be guaranteed.
add vinegar and reduce salt.
high salt diet can directly cause blood pressure rise, which has adverse effects on various cardiovascular diseases. It is suggested that the daily salt intake of each person should not exceed 6 G. But without salt, there will be less; Fresh & quot;, How to swallow a meal without flavor? At this time, you can find some substitutes for high salt seasoning, such as vinegar, lemon juice, tomato, etc. Cooking with them is also delicious and can greatly reduce sodium intake.
reduce fat and fry less.
patients with cardiovascular disease must limit the intake of animal fat, such as fat, cream, etc., and appropriately increase the proportion of vegetable oil (olive oil, rapeseed oil, corn oil, etc.). The total amount of cooking oil per day should not exceed 25 grams, and try to avoid unhealthy cooking methods such as frying with a lot of oil.