when we eat, we often hear some restrained girls say & lt; You can’t eat any more, or your stomach will be enlarged& rdquo; Yes, many people think that our stomach is like a poor quality balloon. If we blow it too much, it will become looser and looser, and even burst; If you don’t blow it all the time, the rubber will age and the stomach will shrink. Are our stomachs as fragile as balloons? First of all, we need to understand the structure of the stomach, and let’s have a look.
Does long-term overeating or starvation change gastric capacity?
our stomach is a muscular organ, which means that it is a house made of muscles and has several layers of muscles.
the innermost layer of gastric wall is a variety of gastric gland cells, which can secrete gastric acid, proteasome and some gastrointestinal hormones. There is an intermuscular nerve plexus between several layers of smooth muscle in the gastric wall, which periodically sends out electric impulses to maintain the contraction of the gastric wall, making the stomach in a mild contraction state at ordinary times. When the stomach is completely empty, it is slightly tubular, with a capacity of about 50 ml. when it is highly filled, it is spherical, with a capacity of 2 L.
the stomach is divided into pyloric part, antrum part, body part, cardia part and bottom part from top to bottom. But when we eat, no matter how much food we eat, most of them are only limited to antrum part and bottom part of the stomach. Other parts have no food and mainly play the role of relieving pressure.
when we eat, the stomach will appear receptive relaxation, that is, the volume of the stomach becomes larger, ready to accommodate food, at the same time, the secretion of glands in the stomach increases, the emptying is delayed, and the peristalsis is enhanced, so that the food can be fully mixed with the gastric juice in the stomach, and the food will form chyme, to a certain extent, digest protein, and prepare for the next absorption in the intestine. The retention time of food with more carbohydrate in the stomach is shorter, while that of food with more protein and fat is longer. The gastric emptying time of mixed food is generally 4-5 hours. This also determines the interval of our three meals.
when the food was emptied, the stomach returned to its original shape, and the intermuscular plexus in the gastric wall continuously sent out basic electrical impulses, maintaining the stomach in a slight contraction state.
therefore, no matter whether we eat too much or are hungry, there is no problem of enlarging or shrinking the capacity of the stomach, because the shape of the stomach is different according to whether there is food or how much food there is. Our stomach has a very good retraction ability.
Eating too much or starvation is very harmful to the stomach. Even if you eat too much or starve, your stomach will not be enlarged or atrophied. But it doesn’t mean that we can indulge in our own diet, eat as much as we want, or be hungry as we want.
relative to the shape of the stomach itself, we should pay more attention to the problem of gastric mucosa. Long term overeating or starvation has a definite effect on the function of gastric mucosa and stomach.
food is one of the main stimulants for our stomach to secrete gastric acid and pepsinogen. Long term starvation and lack of food stimulation will lead to insufficient gastric acid secretion and affect food digestion. At the same time, mucosal glands may atrophy due to disuse. Pay attention to the atrophy of mucosal glands, not the atrophy of the stomach itself.
at the same time long-term hunger, due to the lack of food stimulation, bile long-term retention of gallbladder does not discharge, resulting in increased water absorption, a long time is easy to cause gallstones.
when you eat too much for a long time, it will obviously affect the emptying function of the stomach and cause abdominal distension. In the long run, it will lead to chronic gastritis and decrease the digestive function.
in addition, if you eat too much at one time, there may be vomiting, acute gastric distention, even gastric perforation and other problems. Imagine the scene when the balloon is blown to the limit, and you will know how terrible the consequences are!
in short, our stomach will not change its capacity due to overeating or starvation, but we should also try our best to avoid overeating or starving for a long time and keep regular meals. If you are good for your stomach, it will be good for you.
Recipe for nourishing stomach
materials: some sliced bread (tasteless or salty), 1 bottle of mulberry can.
1, open the can of mulberry, scoop out 3 ~ 4 pieces of mulberry and put them on the bread.
2, then scoop a few spoons of mulberry juice, evenly pour on the bread slice, fold the bread slice in half.
efficacy: it not only nourishes the stomach, but also has the functions of eyesight, liver clearing and brain strengthening. Ingredients: 6G Amomum villosum, 20g Astragalus membranaceus and 1 pork tripe.
preparation: wash pork tripe, put Amomum villosum and Astragalus into pork tripe, add water to stew, seasoning and eating. Function: Yiqi Jianpi, Xiaoshi appetizer. It is suitable for food with weak spleen and stomach, less loose stool and epigastric pain. It can be used in patients with gastroptosis and chronic gastritis.
food efficacy: Amomum villosum can promote qi and stomach, invigorate the spleen, and is used for stomach stagnation. Taking Amomum villosum in clinic can promote the secretion of digestive juice and enhance gastrointestinal peristalsis. Pork tripe can strengthen the spleen and stomach, tonify deficiency and damage.
Ingredients: papaya 1, grass carp fish tail 100g.
preparation: peel papaya and cut into pieces, fry grass carp tail in oil for a while, add a little papaya and ginger slices, add appropriate amount of water and cook for about 1 hour. Function: nourish and eliminate food. It has an auxiliary effect on indigestion and fullness of chest and abdomen.
food efficacy: Papain of papaya is helpful for digestion and absorption of food, and has curative effect on dyspepsia, dysentery, stomachache, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, etc. Papaya lipase can decompose fat into fatty acids, which is conducive to digestion and absorption of fat in food. Papain can also promote and regulate the secretion of pancreatic juice, and has therapeutic effect on dyspepsia caused by pancreatic insufficiency. Grass carp is sweet and warm. It can warm the stomach, moderate and dissipate food. Ingredients: raw Astragalus 12 grams, raw job’s tears, red beans each 10 grams, chicken powder 7 grams, kumquat cake 1, glutinous rice 80 grams.
preparation method: add water to raw Astragalus membranaceus for 20 minutes, take the juice, add Coix, adzuki bean and glutinous rice to make porridge, and then add chicken powder. Function: digestion and stomach. It is used for abdominal distension, loss of appetite, body sleepiness and loose stools caused by spleen deficiency and dampness stagnation.
food efficacy: Astragalus membranaceus can replenish qi and strengthen the surface, restrain sores and generate muscles. Job’s tears can strengthen the spleen and seep dampness, eliminate arthralgia and stop diarrhea. Adzuki bean can remove dampness and jaundice, clear away heat and toxin. Jinnei Xiaoshi Jianpi can increase the secretion and acidity of gastric juice, increase the motor function of stomach and accelerate the emptying of gastric juice. Glutinous rice can replenish qi.